Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a common, curable sexually transmitted infection (STI) that affects both men and women.

WHAT IS IT?
Trichomoniasis, commonly referred to as “Trich,” is caused by a parasite that can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or contact. Because it is a parasite, the infection can be cured in those who have been diagnosed. Though it affects men, symptoms have been found to be more common in women.

HOW IS IT TRANSMITTED?
Trichomoniasis is transmitted through penis-to-vagina intercourse or vulva-to-vulva contact with an infected partner. It is possible for women to contract this infection from other women as well as men. However, men usually contract it only from infected women. Trichomoniasis is most commonly found in the vagina in women and in the urethra in men.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
Signs and symptoms for men:
o In most cases, men do not experience any signs or symptoms
o Men who do show signs or symptoms may experience a burning sensation after urination or ejaculation or slight irritation of the penis

Signs and symptoms for women:
o Many women do experience signs and symptoms of this infection
o Abnormal, yellow-green vaginal discharge that exhibits a strong odor
o Pain during urination or intercourse
o Discomfort or an itching sensation in the female genital area
o In rare cases, pain in the lower abdominal area

HOW IS IT TREATED?
Trichomoniasis can usually be treated and cured with a prescription drug called, metronidazole. The drug is taken orally in a single dose and is safe for women who are pregnant. It is important to note that both partners should be tested and treated at the same time, even if only one is experiencing signs and symptoms. As stated before, many men do not experience any signs or symptoms, but can still infect their partners until properly diagnosed and treated. Persons who are being treated for Trichomoniasis should avoid sexual contact until they and their partners have finished treatment and are experiencing no symptoms.

HOW CAN I PROTECT MYSELF FROM TRICHOMONIASIS?
o Practice sexual abstinence or limit sex partners to one uninfected partner
o Limit number of partners
o Use a male condom, female condom or dental dam CORRECTLY every time sexual intercourse or contact occurs
o Communicate with partners about sexual history including if they have ever been tested or treated for STIs